• Learning a Citation Style

  • Citation styles like APA, MLA, and Turabian can be learned! Seek out models and resources, pay attention to the small details, and practice consistency. 

    Doing a Citation Translation Exercise is a great exercise for helping yourself to notice all the small details in citations. 

  • Editing for Consistency

  • TYou can handle any citation style by developing better habits for editing.

    * Learn how to Use Command Editing for Consistency 

    * Start keeping an Editing Log  to track feedback you get on your writing and use it to edit new papers. 

    * Use the DU Library's guides on RefWorks to manage all your citations and your research better. 


  • Using Citation Generators

  • A citation generator is an online tool that allows you to plug in information about a source and then provides a draft of a citation for you to revise.

    For example, Citation Machine helps you to build citations. Here's how to use it:

    * Gather all the information you can about your source. 

    * Go to http://www.citationmachine.net/

    * Choose a citation style. APA, MLA, and Chicago show up at the top, but you can also search for Turabian. 

    * Citation Machine will walk you through a series of steps, asking you to enter some information and choose the correct version of your source. Remember that many articles and books exist in multiple formats, so you want to make sure you are choosing the correct edition, medium, and publication date. 

    * Finally, Citation Machine will generate a citation that you can copy. 

    * Be warned: citation generators often give you a mostly correct citation, but they often get some things wrong: capitalization, name format, punctuation, and italics are sometimes wrong, so you still need to edit your source. Use one of our handouts to compare your draft citation against a model. 


  • Ask a Consultant

  • If you have a question about a citation or other writing-related issue that you'd like help in answering, submit a question to us using the link below. We encourage you to do your best to answer questions on your own first, but we're happy to help. 

    Ask a Consultant

    Please give us about 1 business day to respond!



  • APA 6

  • * Check out the APA Blog for sample papers, information on citation format, and more. This is an especially good resource if you need to figure out how to cite a specific kind of source. 

    * Watch this video tutorial on the basics of APA style

    * Download our condensed handout on APA 6th Edition,



  • Chicago 16

  • When using Chicago style, be sure to confirm which of the two varieties you should be using: author-date or notes-bibliography.

    We offer condensed handouts for both varieties that you can download:

    Cite- Chicago 16th Edition Author-Date Style.docx

    Cite- Chicago 16th Edition Notes-Bibliography Style.docx 

This portfolio last updated: 07-Nov-2019 10:16 PM