The problem that our project shall be analyzing is based in the consistent level of CO2 emissions of approximately 36 billions tons a year. These emissions are not only detrimental to the environment but also not sustainable. Researches are assuming that the we will exhaust our fossil fuel resources within 25 years. Renewable energy is a clear option for reducing our emissions as solar power is becoming increasingly popular. We have identified alternate means for energy that can provide electric power for cities that does not deplete our limited renewable resources.
The main problem with solar energy is the obstacle of efficiently storing energy for a later use. Scientists began to understand the greenhouse effect in 1960, and have emphasized the effects that have been contributing to climate change. Unfortunately, the United States has been the only major country that has not committed to a lowering of greenhouse gas emission initiative. Another major problem among greenhouse gas emissions is a large portion of citizens not understanding the data supporting climate change, in effect not truly convincing them of the argument to take initiative. For our systems analysis, our central concept is Clean Energy. The major factors associated with Clean Energy are identified as Forms, Alternatives, Perspectives, and Regulations. The forms we list are identified as Solar, Wind, Geothermal, Bioenergy, Nuclear, and Hydrogen/Fuel Cells. For our Alternatives subgroup, we identify crude oil, natural gas, coal, and uranium. For our rules and regulations subgroup, we identify the National Renewable Energy Laboratory Handbook, Environmental Law, and Pollution Prevention Act. For our Perspectives subgroup, we identify society’s perspective, and research/science’s perspective. In our Stakeholders Analysis, we evaluate our stakeholders to be Government, Scientists, Citizens, and Companies. Finally, we identify the different types of renewable energy that could be used to combat our CO2 emission levels. These types consist of; Wind Energy, Solar Energy, Biomass Energy, Geothermal Energy, and HydroPower.
The opportunities that arise from the recognition of our emissions consist of using our energy alternatives. The first opportunity that we identify is the potential for wind energy. Wind farms consist of several large wind turbines that produce electricity through kinetic energy and are able to provide enough power for cities. Replacing energy plants with wind farms would be able to power infrastructure and dramatically reduce fossil fuel consumption. Another opportunity we have recognized through our analysis is comprised through solar energy. Solar panels are devices that produce and store electricity by converting the sun’s photon energy. Within the past ten years, solar panels have become increasingly more popular and efficient in regular households. Solar energy can provide power for households which ultimately reduces the need to produce energy through fossil fuels. Heating and cooling systems in homes use a substantial amount of energy; which could be saved through solar energy.
With the developments of technology today, the means of clean energy are becoming much more accessible and affordable. Solar panels are becoming an appealing investment and could be used on a large scale across neighborhoods to potentially provide power for entire neighborhoods. By converting energy plants into wind farms, we can provide a sustainable natural source of energy and provide enough energy for entire cities.