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Roni Kay O’Dell specializes in international relations and political theory. Her current research focuses on the UN Development Programme and the World Bank development and governance policies. Dr. O'Dell is an Assistant Professor of International Relations at Cameron University. Formerly she served as a Research Fellow in the Program of Fragile States under the Sié Chéou-Kang Center for International Security and Diplomacy at the University of Denver Josef Korbel School of International Studies (JKSIS) as well as an Adjunct Professor and a Program Associate and Advisor for the Bachelor of Arts Program in International Studes (BAINTS) at JKSIS. She received a Master’s degree in International Policy Studies from the Monterey Institute of International Studies with a focus on human rights policy and development studies, and a Master's degree from the University of Denver, Josef Korbel School of International Studies. Finally, she obtained her Ph.D. from the University of Denver, Josef Korbel School of International Studies in international relations and political theory.
Fields: International Relations & Political Theory
Roni Kay O'Dell, Ph.D.
History and Government Department
2800 West Gore Blvd.
South Shepler, #635
Lawton, OK 73505
Office # 580.581.5551
Constructivist analyses of international norm articulation assume that norms articulation happens through the process of international discussion and agreement, yet such works lack a rigorous analysis of how international organizations articulate norms for the world internal to the organization. Further, analyses of international organization norm articulation almost completely ignore the important influence of leadership. This research analyzes two distinct norms of gender equality and participation in two international organizations, the United Nations Development Programme and the World Bank. The theory developed here argues that the leader’s ability to influence norm articulation is dependent on the organizational culture which reflexively impacts the influence of the leader. Leadership drivers of norm articulation include major speeches, influence over and relationship with organizational Executive Boards, and punishment and reward tactics. In analyzing gender equality and participation, I argue that the two organizations articulated the norms differently based on different logics of governance. The World Bank prioritizes government public service delivery efficiency and effectiveness in achieving development goals, while the UNDP favors civil society empowerment and participation in decision-making procedures and government policies. These logics affect the way the leader is able to articulate the norm and impacts the final articulation into policy and practice for both organizations.