Don Hughes

Don Hughes

  • Personal information

    • Brief CV:

      J. Donald Hughes is Distinguished University Professor Emeritus of History at the University of Denver. He lives in Princeton, New Jersey. His research fields are environmental history (world), world history, and ancient history (Greece, Rome, and Egypt). Among his recent publications (listed in an attachment to this website) are What Is Environmental History?, (Polity, new edition 2015), An Environmental History of the World: Humankind's Changing Role in the Community of Life (Routledge, second edition 2009), The Mediterranean: An Environmental History (ABC-CLIO, 2005), and Environmental Problems of the Greeks and Romans (Johns Hopkins University Press, second edition 2014). He is a founding member of  the American Society for Environmental History (organized in 1976), the European Society for Environmental History, the East Asian Association of Environmental Historians, and the South Asian Environmental History society.  He is past editor of the journal, Environmental History (then titled Environmental Review). He received the Distinguished Service Award of ASEH in 2000. He has served as a research associate of the Denver Museum of Nature and Science, and is a member of Phi Beta Kappa. His undergraduate degree was completed at the University of California at Los Angeles, and his Ph.D. at Boston University, with graduate study at Cambridge University, UK, and the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, Greece. He taught environmental history for a semester at Beijing Normal University, China. He has given invited lectures on environmental history in Athens, Bangalore, Beijing, Bochum (Germany), Braga (Portugal), Chicago, Delhi, Florianopolis (Brazil), Hualien (Taiwan), Istanbul, Kaua'i, Kolkata, Kyoto, Leiden, Leipzig, Madison (WI), Princeton University, St Andrews (Scotland), Taipei, Takamatsu (Japan), Tianjin, and Zagreb (Croatia).

      Additional biographical information may be found in the file marked "Interview" under Publications on this page.


      University of Denver  

      John Evans Distinguished Professor and

      Professor Emeritus, Department of History 


      Mailing address:  72 Erdman Ave., Princeton NJ 08540

      Home phone: 

      Cell: 1-303-906-6712

      Personal information:
      Research Interest: environmental history (world)
      Favorite Musician: Pam Hughes

    • HUGHES
  • Publications

    • List of Publications



      Environmental Problems of the Greeks and Romans: Ecology in the Ancient Mediterranean. (Second edition of Pan’s Travail). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014.


      What is Environmental History? Cambridge, UK: Polity Press, 2006. Part of the series, "What is History?" Chinese translation, Peking University Press, 2008. Croatian translation: Što je povijest okoliša? Zagreb: Disput Publishing House, 2011. Translations in preparation: Spanish (University of Valencia Press), Korean (Nanjang E Books), Estonian, Turkish. Second edition 2015.


      The Mediterranean: An Environmental History. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2005. Part of the series, "Nature and Human Societies."


      An Environmental History of the World: Humankind's Changing Role in the Community of Life. London and New York: Routledge, 2001. Paperback edition 2002. (Routledge Studies in Physical Geography and Environment). Second Edition, 2009.

      Japanese translation: Sekai No Kankyo No Rekishi: Seimei Kyodotai Ni Okeru Ningen No Yakuwari, Tokyo: Akashi Shoten (Akashi Library Series, No. 62), 2004.

      Swedish translation: Världens miljöhistoria, Stockholm: SNS Förlag, 2005.

      Finnish translation: Maailman Ympäristöhistoria, Tampere: Vastapaino, 2008.

      Chinese translation of second edition (traditional characters): Diqiu yu ren: Shengming qunluo de dongtai yanyi, Taipei: Guangchang chuban, (Agora of Book Republic), 2013.

      Chinese translation of second edition (simplified characters): shijie huanjingshi: renlei zai diqiu shengming zhong de juese zhuanbian, Beijing: Publishing House of Electronics, 2014.

      Turkish translation: Cevre Tarihine Giris. Yayinevi: Ipek Universitesi Yayinlari, 2016. ISBN: 9786056415258.


      The Face of the Earth: Environment and World History. Edited by J. Donald Hughes. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 2000. Contains two articles by the editor, "Ecological Process and World History," 3-21, and "Biodiversity and World History," 22-46, and five essays by other authors.


      Pan's Travail: Environmental Problems of the Ancient Greeks and Romans. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1994. Paperback edition, 1996.


      Ecology in Ancient Civilizations. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 1975. Spanish translation: La Ecología en las Civilizaciones Antiguas, Mexico City: Fondo de Cultura Económica, 1982.

      Korean translation: Go-dae Mun-myung-ui Hwan-kyung-sa, Seoul: Science Books Co., 1998.


      Ecological Consciousness: Essays from the Earthday X Colloquium, University of Denver, April 21-24, 1980. Edited by Robert C. Schultz and J. Donald Hughes. Washington, DC: University Press of America, 1981. Includes an article by the editors, "The Humanities and the Problems of Human Ecology," 1-22.


      North American Indian Ecology. El Paso, TX: Texas Western Press, 1996. Second edition of American Indian Ecology, first published in 1983.


      American Indians in Colorado. Boulder, CO: Pruett Press, 1977. Second edition, 1987.


      In the House of Stone and Light: Introduction to the Human History of Grand Canyon. Grand Canyon, AZ: Grand Canyon Natural History Association, 1978. (Winner of the National Park Cooperating Associations Book Award, 1977-78). Reprinted 1985, 1988, 1991, 1997.


      The Story of Man at Grand Canyon. Grand Canyon, AZ: Grand Canyon Natural History Association and National Park Service, 1967.



      Refereed Articles and Chapters in Books:

      "Deforestation and Forest Protection in the Ancient World," in Pollution and the Environment in Ancient Life and Thought. Edited by Orietta Dora Cordovana and Gian Franco Chiai, 2017, pp. 203-216


      “Environmental Mosaics Natural and Imposed,” in Ecocriticism, Ecology, and the Cultures of Antiquity, edited by Christopher Schliephake. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield, 2017, pp. 19-30.


      “Mediterranean Environmental History: Research in the Twenty-First Century,” in New Horizons: Mediterranean Research in the 21st Century, edited by Mihran Dabag, Dieter Haller, Nikolas Jaspert, and Achim Lichtenberger. Paderborn, Germany: Ferdinand Schöningh, 2016, pp. 225-236. (Mittelmeerstudien, Band 10).


      “Biodiversity,” video, Environmental Humanities Library (EHL), edited by Marco Armiero. Stockholm: Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) Environmental Humanities Laboratory (, 2014.


      “The Chainsaw Begins to Chew Through the World’s Forests, 1929,” Global Environment (Rachel Carson Center, Munich) 6, No. 11 (2013): 197-198.


      “The Environmental Dimension of History,” Historical Research (Beijing, Social Sciences in China Press) 3, 2013, pp. 12-18.


      “The Making of In the House of Stone and Light,” in A Rendezvous of Grand Canyon Historians: Ideas, Arguments, and First-Person Accounts, edited by Richard D. Quartaroli. Flagstaff, AZ: Grand Canyon Historical Society, 2013, pp. 107-112.


      “Cautionary Perspectives of Environmental History,” Berichte: Geographie und Landeskunde (Leipzig, Deutschen Akademie für Landskunde e. V. und des Leibniz-Instituts für Länderkunde), 87. Band, Heft 3, 2013, pp. 263-276.


      “The Environmental Frontier of History,” in Exploring the Green Horizon: Aspects of Environmental History, edited by Amit Bhattacharyya, Nupur Dasgupta, and Rup Kumar Barman. Kolkata: Setu Prakashani, 2013, pp. 1-11.


      “Warfare and Environment in the Ancient World,” in The Oxford Handbook of Warfare in the Classical World, edited by Brian Campbell and Lawrence A. Tritle. New York: Oxford University Press, 2013, pp.128-139.


      “Responses to Natural Disasters in the Greek and Roman World,” in Forces of Nature and Cultural Responses, edited by Katrin Pfeifer and Niki Pfeifer (dedicated to J. Donald Hughes). Dordrecht: Springer, 2013, pp. 111-137.


      “The Ancient World, c. 500 BCE to 500 CE,” in A Companion to Global Environmental History, edited by J. R. McNeill and Erin Stewart Mauldin. Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell, 2012, pp. 18-38.


      “Environmental History and the Older History,” in Natureza e Cidades: O Viver entre Águas Doces e Salgadas (Nature and Cities: Life among Waters Fresh and Saline), edited by Gercinair Silvério Gandara. Goiânia, Goiás, Brazil: Editora da PUC Goiás, 2012, pp. 23-34.


      “Sustainability and Empire,” Hedgehog Review 14, No. 2 (Summer 2012): 26-36.


      “Environmental Movements,” in World Environmental History (Berkshire Essentials), edited by William H. McNeill, et al. Great Barrington, MA: Berkshire Publishing Group, 2012, pp. 97- 104.


      “What Does Environmental History Teach?” and “New Orleans: An Environmental History of Disaster,” in Natural Resources, Sustainability and Humanity: A Comprehensive View, edited by Angela Mendonça, Ana Cunha, and Ranjan Chakrabarti. Dordrecht: Springer, 2012, pp.1-16, 17-28.


      “The Montreal Agreement is a Good Example of How to Deal with a Global Environmental Problem,” in Global Change: Interviews with Leading Climate Scientists, edited by Georg Götz. Heidelberg: Springer, 2012, pp. 49-53.


      "Ancient Deforestation Revisited," Journal of the History of Biology 44, No. 1 (April 2011): 43-57.


      "Environmental Movements," in Berkshire Encyclopedia of World History, Second Edition, edited by William H. McNeill, et al. Great Barrington, MA: Berkshire Publishing Group, 2011, pp. 926-33.


      "Ta iera temeni stin arhea Ellada ke i pikilia ton ikosistimaton tous" ("Sacred Groves in Ancient Greece and the Diversity of Their Ecosystems"), in Perivallontiki Istoria: Meletes ya tin arhea ke ti sinhroni Ellada (Environmental History: Essays in Ancient and Modern Greece), edited by Chloe Vlassopoulou and Georgia Liarakou. Athens: Pedio Press, 2011, pp. 25-58. (A previous version was published in Athens: Ellinika Grammata, 2010, pp. 25-67.)


      "Interview: J. Donald Hughes," Environmental History 15, No. 2 (April 2010): 1-14.


      "Environmental History" and "Environmental Philosophy: I. Ancient Philosophy" in Encyclopedia of Environmental Ethics and Philosophy, edited by J. Baird Callicott. Macmillan Reference Books, 2008, Vol. 1, pp. 332-339, 355-359.


      "Three Dimensions of Environmental History," Environment and History 14, No 3 (August 2008): 319-330.


      "John Muir and Gifford Pinchot at Grand Canyon," in Reflections of Grand Canyon Historians: Ideas, Arguments, and First-Person Accounts, edited by Todd R. Berger. Grand Canyon, AZ: Grand Canyon Association, 2008, pp. 141-145.


      "Global Environmental History: The Long View," in The Globalization of Environmental Crisis, edited by Jan Oosthoek and Barry K. Gills. London and New York: Routledge, 2008, pp. 11-26.

      Chinese translation, Global History Review (School of History, Capital Normal University, Beijing) Vol. 4 (2012), pp. 103-123.


      "Hunting in the Ancient Mediterranean World," in A Cultural History of Animals in Antiquity, edited by Linda Kalof. Oxford and New York: Berg (Oxford International Publishers Ltd.), 2007, pp. 47-70.


      "Women Warriors: The Environment of Myth." Environmental History 12 (April 2007): 316-318. A review essay of the motion picture films, "The Land Has Eyes" and "The Whale Rider."


      "Environmental Impacts of the Roman Economy and Social Structure: Augustus to Diocletian," in Rethinking Environmental History: World-System History and Global Environmental Change, edited by Alf Hornborg, J. R. McNeill, and Joan Martinez-Allier. Lanham, MD: Altamira Press (Rowman and Littlefield), 2007, pp. 27-40.


      "The Natural Environment," in A Companion to the Classical Greek World, edited by Konrad H. Kinzl. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2006, pp. 227-244.


      "The Mosaic of Culture and Nature: Organization of Space in an Inhabited Cosmos." Nature and Culture 1, No. 1 (Spring 2006): 1-9.


      "Nature and Culture in the Pacific Islands," Leidschrift: Historisch Tijdschrift (University of Leiden, Netherlands) 21, No. 1 (April 2006): 129-143. (Special issue, "Culture and Nature: History of the Human Environment").


      "Egypt – Ancient," "Greece – Classical," and "Roman Religion and Empire," in The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature, 2 vols., edited by Bron R. Taylor and Jeffrey Kaplan. London: Continuum, 2005. Vol. I, pp. 575-577, 716-718; Vol. II, pp. 1412-1414.


      "Global Environmental History: The Long View," Globalizations 2, No. 3 (December 2005): 293-308. Chinese translation, Global History Review (Beijing, Capital Normal University) Vol. 4 (2011), pp. 103-123.


      "Resuming the Dialogue with Ishmael," Environmental History 10, No. 4 (October 2005): 705-707.


      "Scenery versus Habitat at the Grand Canyon," in A Gathering of Grand Canyon Historians: Ideas, Arguments, and First-Person Accounts, edited by Michael F. Anderson. Grand Canyon, AZ: Grand Canyon Association, 2005, pp. 105-110.


      "The Greening of World History," in Palgrave Advances in World Histories, edited by Marnie Hughes-Warrington. Houndmills (UK) and New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005, pp. 238-255.


      "Green or Environmental Movements," in Berkshire Encyclopedia of World History, 5 vols, edited by William H. McNeill, Jerry H. Bentley, David Christian, David Levinson, J. R. McNeill, Heidi Roupp, and Judith P. Zinsser. Great Barrington, MA: Berkshire Publishing Group, 2005. Vol. 3: 866-870.


      "Groves, Goddesses and Guarded Ground: Cross Cultural Comments on Sacred Space," EMCBTAP-ENVIS Newsletter (Environmental Management Capacity Building Technical Assistance Project – Environmental Information System, CPR Environmental Education Centre, Chennai, India) 2, No. 2 (October-March 2004): 2-7.


      "Preface: Beginning with Rome," (Special issue, "The Nature of G. P. Marsh: Tradition and Historical Judgement") Environment and History 10, No. 2 (May 2004): 123-125.


      "The Nature of Environmental History," Revista de Historia Actual (Contemporary History Review, Spain) 1, No. 1 (2003): 23-30.


      "Aristotle," "Egypt, Ancient," "Lucretius," "Mediterranean Basin," and "Theophrastus," in Encyclopedia of World Environmental History, 3 vols., edited by Shepard Krech III, J. R. McNeill, and Carolyn Merchant. New York: Routledge, 2004. Vol. I, pp. 64-65, 423-426; Vol. II, pp. 794, 822-826; Vol. III, pp. 1199-1200.


      "Europe as Consumer of Exotic Biodiversity: Greek and Roman Times," (Theme issue, "The Native, Naturalized and Exotic—Plants and Animals in Human History") Landscape Research (UK) 28, No. 1 (January 2003): 21-31.


      "Global Dimensions of Environmental History," (Forum on Environmental History, Retrospect and Prospect) Pacific Historical Review 70, No. 1 (February 2001): 91-101.


      "Sacred Groves and Conservation: The Comparative History of Traditional Reserves in the Mediterranean Area and in South India," by M.D. Subash Chandran and J. Donald Hughes, Environment and History (UK) 6, No. 2 (May 2000): 169-186.


      "Dream Interpretation in Ancient Civilizations," Dreaming 10, No. 1 (March 2000): 7-18.


      "Ramesses III and the Harem Conspiracy," The Ostracon: The Journal of the Egyptian Study Society (Denver Museum of Natural History) 11, No. 1 (Spring 2000): 2-7.


      "Paraísos no Mundo Antigo: Dos Bosques Sagrados às Ilhas Afortunadas" ("Paradises in the Ancient World: From Sacred Groves to the Isles of the Blessed"), in História e Meio-ambiente: O Impacto da Expansão Europeia (Environmental History: The Impact of European Expansion), edited by Alberto Vieira, Funchal, Madeira, Portugal, Centro de Estudos de História do Atlántico, Coleccão Memórias 26, 1999, 125-140.


      "Environmental History—World," in A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, 2 vols., edited by David R. Woolf, New York, Garland Publishing, 1998, Vol. 1, 288-291.


      (1) "Sacred Groves Around the Earth: An Overview," by J. Donald Hughes and M.D. Subash Chandran; (2) "Sacred Groves of the Ancient Mediterranean Area: Early Conservation of Biological Diversity," by J. Donald Hughes; (3) "Sacred Groves of the Western Ghats of India," by M.D. Subash Chandran, Madhav Gadgil, and J. Donald Hughes, in Conserving the Sacred for Biodiversity Management, edited by P.S. Ramakrishnan, K.G. Saxena, and U.M. Chandrashekara. UNESCO. Enfield, NH: Science Publishers Inc., and New Delhi and Calcutta: Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., 1998, (1) 69-86, (2) 101-122; (3) 211-232.


      "Early Ecological Knowledge of India from Alexander and Aristotle to Arrian," in Nature and the Orient: The Environmental History of South and Southeast Asia, edited by Richard H. Grove, Vinita Damodaran, and Satpal Sangwan. Delhi: Oxford University Press, 1998, 70-86.


      "The Sacred Groves of South India: Ecology, Traditional Communities and Religious Change," by M. D. Subash Chandran and J. Donald Hughes, Social Compass (Brussels) 44, No. 3 (September 1997): 413-427.


      "Ancient Forests: The Idea of Forest Age in the Greek and Latin Classics," in Australia's Ever-Changing Forests III: Proceedings of the Third National Conference on Australian Forest History, edited by John Dargavel. Canberra: Centre for Resource and Environmental Studies, the Australian National University, 1997, 3-10.


      "Francis of Assisi and the Diversity of Creation," Environmental Ethics 18, No. 3 (Fall 1996): 311-320.


      "The Hunters of Euboea: Mountain Folk in the Classical Mediterranean," Mountain Research and Development 16, No. 2 (May 1996): 91-100.


      "The Effect of Knowledge of Indian Biota on Ecological Thought," Indian Journal of History of Science 30, No. 1 (1995): 1-12.


      "Ecology and Development as Narrative Themes of World History," Environmental History Review 19, No. 1 (Spring 1995): 1-16.


      "Grand Canyon" and "John Wesley Powell," in Conservation and Environmentalism: An Encyclopedia, edited by Robert Paehlke. New York: Garland Publishing, 1995; 306-7, 532-3.


      "Forestry and Forest Economy in the Mediterranean Region in the Time of the Roman Empire in the Light of Historical Sources," in Evaluation of Land Surfaces Cleared from Forests in the Mediterranean Region During the Time of the Roman Empire, edited by Burkhard Frenzel. Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer Verlag, 1994 (Paläoklimaforschung / Palaeoclimate Research; Vol. 10: European Science Foundation Project "European Palaeoclimate and Man," Special Issue 5), 1-14.


      "Images of Nature: The Historical Influence on Environmental Destruction," The Maine Scholar 7 (Autumn 1994): 189-196.


      "The Integrity of Nature and Respect for Place," in The Spirit and Power of Place: Human Environment and Sacrality; Essays Dedicated to Yi-Fu Tuan, edited by Rana P. B. Singh. National Geographical Journal of India 40 (1994). Varanasi: National Geographical Society of India, Pub. 41, 1994, 11-19.


      "Les Grecs, l'Orient et le savoir Écologique (The Greeks, the East, and Ecological Knowledge)," Écologie Politique (France) 8 (Autumn 1993): 87-99.


       "Great Kivas of the American Southwest," Architecture et Comportement: Architecture and Behaviour (Switzerland) 9, No. 2, Special Issue: Lay-out of Sacred Places (1993): 177-190.


      "Early Ecological Knowledge of India," in Indian Forestry: A Perspective, edited by Ajay S. Rawat. New Delhi: Indus Publishing Co., 1993, 13-28.


      "Sustainable Agriculture in Ancient Egypt," Agricultural History 66 (Spring 1992): 12-22.


      "The Psychology of Environmentalism: Healing Self and Nature," The Trumpeter: Journal of Ecosophy (Canada) 8 (Summer 1991): 113-117.


      "Spirit of Place in the Western World," in The Power of Place: Sacred Ground in Natural and Human Environments, edited by James A. Swan. Wheaton, IL: Quest Books, 1991, 15-27.


      "The Integrity of Creation," in Peril of the Planet: Ecology and Western Religious Traditions, edited by Alice G. Knotts. Denver: Institute for Interfaith Studies of the Center for Judaic Studies at the University of Denver, 1990, 25-41.


      "Artemis: Goddess of Conservation," Forest and Conservation History 34 (October 1990): 191-197.


      "Dreams and Dream Imagery in the Egyptian Book of the Dead," in Historical and Psychological Inquiry, edited by Paul H. Elovitz. New York: International Psychohistorical Association, 1990, 342-357.


      "Mencius' Prescriptions for Ancient Chinese Environmental Problems," Environmental Review 13 (Fall/Winter 1989): 15-27.


      "Euclid," "Hero of Alexandria," "Hipparchus," and "Theophrastus," in Great Lives from History: Ancient and Medieval Series, edited by Frank N. Magill. 5 volumes. Pasadena, CA: Salem Press, 1988; Vol. 2, 694-697, 954-957; Vol. 3, 988-992; Vol. 5, 2132-37.


      "Theophrastus as Ecologist," in Theophrastean Studies [Rutgers Studies in Classical Humanities, Vol. 3], edited by William W. Fortenbaugh and Robert W. Sharples. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Books, 1988, 67-75.


      "Land and Sea," in Civilization of the Ancient Mediterranean: Greece and Rome, edited by Michael Grant and Rachel Kitzinger. 3 vols. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1988. Vol. I, 89-133.


      "Forests and Cities in the Classical Mediterranean," in Perspectives in Urban Geography, edited by C. S. Yadav. Vol. 10, "Morphology of Towns." New Delhi, India: Concept Publishing Co., 1988, 203-23.


      "Human Ecology in History: The Search for a Sustainable Balance Between Technology and Environment," Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 77 (December 1987): 109-112.


      "The View from Etna: A Search for Ancient Landscape Appreciation," The Trumpeter: Journal of Ecosophy (Canada) 4 (Fall 1987): 7-13.


      "The Dreams of Xenophon the Athenian," Journal of Psychohistory 14 (Winter 1987): 271-282.


      "Dreams From the Ancient World," in The Variety of Dream Experience, edited by Montague Ullman and Claire Limmer. New York: Continuum,1987, 266-278.


      "Storici e Storia Ambientale" ("Environmental Historians and Environmental History"), Quaderni Storici (Italy), Nuova Serie 62, No. 2 (August 1986): 505-512.


      "How Much of the Earth is Sacred Space?" by J. Donald Hughes and Jim Swan, Environmental Review 10 (Winter 1986): 247-259. Reprinted in Environmental Ethics: Divergence and Convergence, edited by Susan J. Armstrong and Richard G. Botzler. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1993, 172-180; second edition, 1998, 162-171.


      "Pan: Environmental Ethics in Classical Polytheism," in Religion and Environmental Crisis, edited by Eugene C. Hargrove. Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1986, 7-24.


      "An Ecological Paradigm of the Ancient City," in Human Ecology: A Gathering of Perspectives, edited by Richard J. Borden. College Park, MD: Society for Human Ecology, University of Maryland, 1986, 214-220.


      "Theophrastus and the Mountain Forests of the Ancient Mediterranean," in History of Forest Utilization and Forestry in Mountain Regions, edited by Anton Schuler. Beiheft zur Schweizerischen Zeitschrift für Forstwesen, No. 74, Zürich, Switzerland, 1985, 7-20.


      "The Dreams of Alexander the Great," Journal of Psychohistory 12 (Fall 1984): 168-192.


      "Sacred Groves: The Gods, Forest Protection, and Sustained Yield in the Ancient World," in History of Sustained-Yield Forestry: A Symposium, edited by Harold K. Steen. Durham, NC: Forest History Society, 1984, 331-343.


      "Grand Canyon National Park," in Encyclopedia of American Forest and Conservation History, edited by Richard C. Davis. New York: Macmillan, 1983, 272-274.


      "How the Ancients Viewed Deforestation," Journal of Field Archaeology 10 (Winter 1983): 437-445.


      "Gaia: Environmental Problems in Chthonic Perspective," Environmental Review 6 (December 1982): 92-104. Reprinted in The Ecologist (U.K.) 13 (1982): 54-60. Reprinted in short version in Omnibus (U.K.) 8 (1984): 15-18, and again in a special issue (Autumn, 1991): 60-63. Reprinted in Environmental History: Critical Issues in Comparative Perspective, edited by Kendall E. Bailes. Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 1985, 64-82.


      "Deforestation, Erosion, and Forest Management in Ancient Greece and Rome," by J. Donald Hughes in collaboration with J. F. Thirgood, Journal of Forest History 26 (April 1982): 60-75. Reprinted in The Ecologist (U.K.) 12 (September 1982): 196-208.


      "Early Greek and Roman Environmentalists," in Historical Ecology: Essays on Environment and Social Change, edited by Lester J. Bilsky. Port Washington, NY: National University Publications, Kennikat Press, 1980 45-59. Reprinted in The Ecologist (U.K.) 11 (January 1981): 24-35.


      "The Environmental Ethics of the Pythagoreans," Environmental Ethics 2 (Fall 1980): 195-213.


      "Views of Climatic Change in Classical Antiquity," in International Conference on Climate and History: Abstracts, University of East Anglia, U.K. (July 1979): 80-82.


      "Forest Indians: The Holy Occupation," Environmental Review 1 (No. 2, 1977): 2-13.


      "Havasupai Traditions," by Juan Sinyella, edited and with an introduction by J. Donald Hughes, Southwest Folklore 1 (Spring 1977): 35-52.


      "The Effect of Classical Cities on the Mediterranean Landscape," Ekistics 42 (December 1976): 332-342.


      "Ecology in Ancient Greece," Inquiry 18 (Summer 1975): 115-125.


      "The Deracialization of Historical Atlases: A Modest Proposal," The Indian Historian 7 (Summer 1974): 55-56.


      "Two Civil War Poems from the Berry Papers," The Western Explorer 4 (March 1967): 16-21.


      "Spanish Explorers of the Grand Canyon," Part I, The Western Explorer 3 (August 1964): 34-40; Part II, The Western Explorer 4 (January 1966): 7-9.





      The following are parts of a series entitled "Ripples in Clio's Pond," written in my role as columnist for Capitalism, Nature, Socialism: A Journal of Socialist Ecology. Clio is the Muse of History, and the pond recalls the well-known haiku of Bashô: "Frog leaps into ancient pond—sound of water."


      “How Natural is a Natural Disaster?,” Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 23, No. 4 (December 2010): 69-78.


      "Climate Change: A History of Environmental Knowledge," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 21, No. 3 (September 2010): 75-80.


      "Holland Against the Sea," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 20, No. 3 (September 2009): 96-103.


      "Mosaic Landscapes and the Human Organization of Space," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 16, No. 4 (December 2005): 77-83.


      "Palau: A Parable for the Twenty-First Century," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 16, No. 2 (June 2005): 85-88.


      "Social Structure and Environmental Impact in the Roman Empire," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 15, No. 3 (September 2004): 29-35.


      "The Looting of the Past in Iraq," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 15, No. 1 (March 2004): 109-111.


      "Easter Island: Model for Environmental History," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 14, No. 2 (June 2003): 77-84.


      "An Environmental Historian Looks at the 21st Century," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 13, No. 4 (December 2002): 51-62.


      "The Top Ten" (events in 20th century environmental history), Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 13, No. 3 (September 2002): 119-124.


      "Sightseeing vs Biophilia at the Grand Canyon," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 12, No. 4 (December 2001): 123-130.


      "Island Trajectories," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 12, No. 3 (September 2001): 119-124.


      "New Zealand: The Maori and Island Resources," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 12, No. 1 (March 2001): 115-120.


      "The Dams at Aswan: Does Environmental History Inform Decisions?" Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 11, No. 4 (December 2000): 73-81.


      "On Resigning from the Community of Life," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 11, No. 2 (June 2000): 129-136.


      "The European Biotic Invasion of Aztec Mexico," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 11, No. 1 (March 2000): 105-112.


      "Conservation in the Inca Empire," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 10, No. 4 (December 1999): 69-76.


      "The Serengeti: Reflections on Human Membership in the Community of Life," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 10, No. 3 (September 1999): 161-167.


      "Darwin in the Galápagos," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 10, No. 2 (June 1999): 107-114. Translation, "Darwin en las Galápagos," Ecología Política (Spain) 19 (Primero Semestre 1999).


      "The Classic Maya Collapse," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 10, No. 1 (March 1999): 81-89.


      "Bryansk: The Aftermath of Chernobyl," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 9, No. 4 (December 1998): 95-101.


      "Medieval Florence and the Barriers to Growth Revisited," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 9, No. 3 (September 1998): 133-140.


      "A Sense of Place," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 9, No. 2 (June 1998): 91-96.


      "The Preindustrial City as Ecosystem," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 9, No. 1 (March 1998): 105-110.


      "Sacred Groves and Community Power," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 8, No. 4 (December 1997): 99-105.


      “Mencius, Ecologist,” Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 8, No. 3 (September 1997): 117-121.


      “Rome’s Decline and Fall: Ecological Mistakes?” Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 8, No. 2 (June 1997): 121-125.


      “Ancient Egypt and the Question of Appropriate Technology,” Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 8, No. 1 (March 1997): 125-130.


      "Now That the Big Trees Are Down," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 7, No. 4 (December 1996): 99-104.


      "Classical Athens and Ecosystemic Collapse," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 7, No. 3 (September 1996): 97-102.


      “Bali and the Green Witch of the West,” Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 7, No. 2 (June 1996): 139-145.


      "Medieval Florence and the Barriers to Growth," Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 7, No. 1 (March 1996): 63-68.





      “Environmental History,” Environmental History Review 16, No. 1 (Spring 1992): 16-19.


      "Ancient Dreams and Dream Interpretation," and "The Environmental History of the Ancient Mediterranean World," in Ancient History, edited by Sarah B. Pomeroy and Stanley Burstein, in the series, "Selected Reading Lists and Course Outlines from American Colleges and Universities." New York: Markus Wiener Publishing, 1984. Second edition, 1986, 135-138, 167-170.


      “Human Ecology in History,” Environmental Review 8, No. 4 (Winter 1984): 312-313.



      Other Articles and Contributions to Books:


      "Alcibiades of Athens," in Great Lives from History: Notorious Lives, 3 vols., edited by Carl L. Bankston III. Pasadena: Salem Press, 2007, Vol. 1, pp. 11-13.


      "Managed Agricultural Production in the Vaitea Region, Rapa Nui," by Christopher M. Stevenson, Thegn Ladefoged, Sonia Haoa, and Alejandra Guerra Terra, in The Reñaca Papers: VI International Conference on Easter Island and the Pacific, edited by C. M. Stevenson, J. M. Ramírez, F. J. Morin, and N. Barbacci, Los Osos, CA: The Easter Island Foundation and the University of Valparaíso, Chile, 2004, pp. 125-137, is a report on the archaeological investigation in which I took part as a volunteer in November-December, 2002. I am listed among the volunteers in the article (p. 136), and I made the measurements for the data contained in the map: "Figure 11. The elite residence (Site 161c)," p. 134.


      "The Looting of the Past in Iraq," Clio's Psyche 10, No. 3 (December 2003): 97-99.


      “What is Environmental History?” Australian Forest History Society Newsletter 14 (December 1996): 2-5. Also published as "Whither Environmental History," ASEH News 8, No. 3 (Autumn 1997): 1-3.


      "The Unspoiled Continent," in This Sacred Earth: Religion, Nature, Environment, edited by Roger S. Gottlieb. New York: Routledge, 1996, 131-146. (Reprint of Chapter 1, American Indian Ecology.)


      "Some Reflections on Environmentalist Psychology," Clio's Psyche 1 (September 1994): 4-5.


      "The Ancient Roots of Our Ecological Crisis," in Environmental Ethics: Divergence and Convergence, edited by Susan J. Armstrong and Richard G. Botzler. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1993, 167-171; second edition, 1998, 157-161. (Reprint of Chapter 13, Ecology in Ancient Civilizations.)


      "Metakuyase," The Trumpeter 8 (Fall 1991): 184-185.


      "Early Civilizations and the Natural Environment," in Western Civilization, Volume I: Pre-History Through the Reformation, edited by William Hughes. Guilford, CT: Annual Editions, Dushkin Publishing Group, 1991, 25-29. (Reprint of Chapter 3, Ecology in Ancient Civilizations.)


      "Ares: A Masculine Myth of the War God," Men's Council Newsletter (Boulder, CO) 2 (July 1989).


      "The Birth of Civilization," "The Age of Iron," "Greece and Rome," "The World Religions," and "The End of the Ancient World," in The World: A Television History. Study Guide, edited by Robert E. Roeder. New York: Harper & Row, 1986, 16-52.


      "The Ancient Roots of Our Ecological Crisis," National Parks and Conservation Magazine 49 (October 1975): 16-17.



      Book Reviews:

      Most recent:


      Gregory T. Cushman, Guano and the Opening of the Pacific World: A Global Environmental History, in Pacific Historical Review 84, No. 2 (May 2015): 259-261.


      Frank Uekoetter, ed., The Turning Points of Environmental History, in Environmental History 19 (January 2014): 120-122.


      Karl Appuhn, A Forest on the Sea: Environmental Expertise in Renaissance Venice, in Eighteenth-Century Studies 46, No. 1 (Fall 2012):166-167.


      Oliver A. Houck, Eight Environmental Cases that Changed the World, in Environmental History 16, No. 1 (January 2011): 151-153.


      1. G. Simmons, Global Environmental History, in Agricultural History 84, No. 2 (Spring 2010): 245-246.


      Joachim Radkau, Nature and Power: A Global History of the Environment, in Environmental History 13, No. 3 (July 2008): 562-564.


      Mark Elvin, The Retreat of the Elephants: An Environmental History of China, in Environmental History 11, No. 4 (October 2006): 848- 850.


      Richard P. Tucker and Edmund Russell, eds., Natural Enemy, Natural Ally: Toward an Environmental History of War, in Pacific Historical Review 75, No. 2 (May 2006): 326-328.


      Thomas M. Robinson and Laura Westra, eds., Thinking about the Environment:

      Our Debt to the Classical and Medieval Past, H-Net book review, published by (August 9, 2005).


      John F. Richards, The Unending Frontier: An Environmental History of the Early Modern World, in Environmental History 9, No. 1 (January 2004): 134-136.


      Gregory Barton, Empire Forestry and the Origins of Environmentalism, in Pacific Historical Review 73, No. 1 (February 2004): 134-136.


      Stephen J. Pyne, Fire: A Brief History, and Christopher J. Huggard and Arthur R. Gomez, eds., Forests under Fire: A Century of Ecosystem Mismanagement in the Southwest, in The Western Historical Quarterly 34, No. 3 (Autumn 2003): 387-388.


      Robert B. Marks, The Origins of the Modern World: A Global and Ecological Narrative, in Itinerario: European Journal of Overseas History (Leiden) 26, No. 3/4 (2002): 114-116.


      Sing C. Chew, World Ecological Degradation: Accumulation, Urbanization, and Deforestation 3000 BC – AD 2000, in Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 13, No. 3 (September 2002): 164-166.


      A.T. Grove and Oliver Rackham, The Nature of Mediterranean Europe: An Ecological History, in Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 13, No. 1 (March 2002): 146-149.


      Richard P. Tucker, Insatiable Appetite: The United States and the Ecological Degradation of the Tropical World, in Pacific Historical Review 71, No. 1 (February 2002): 139-141.


      Barney Nelson, The Wild and the Domestic: Animal Representation, Ecocriticism, and Western American Literature, in Pacific Northwest Quarterly 93, No. 1 (Winter 2001/2002): 47-48.


      Barbara Kingsolver, Prodigal Summer, in Capitalism, Nature, Socialism 12, No. 2 (June 2001): 159-162.


      John R. McNeill, Something New Under the Sun: An Environmental History of the Twentieth-Century World, in Journal of Economic History 60 (December 2000): 1172-1174.


      Lynn Gamwell, ed., Dreams 1900-2000: Science, Art, and the Unconscious Mind, in Clio's Psyche 7, No. 2 (September 2000): 73-74.


      Charles L. Redman, Human Impact on Ancient Environments, in Environmental History 5, No. 3 (July 2000): 430-431.


      James O'Connor, Natural Causes: Essays in Ecological Marxism, in Journal of World History 11, No. 1 (Spring 2000): 155-157.


      Char Miller, American Forests: Nature, Culture, and Politics, in Pacific Northwest Quarterly 90, No. 3 (Summer 1999): 155-156.


      Richard W. Judd, Common Lands, Common People: The Origins of Conservation in Northern New England, in Technology and Culture 40 (January 1999): 187-188.


      Leslie E. Sponsel, Thomas N. Headland, and Robert C. Bailey, eds., Tropical Deforestation: The Human Dimension, in Environmental History 3, No. 1 (January 1998): 105-107.


      Brent D. Shaw, Environment and Society in Roman North Africa: Studies in History and Archaeology, and Rulers, Nomads, and Christians in Roman North Africa, in Canadian Journal of History/Annales canadiennes d’histoire 31 (December 1996): 426-428.


      Richard H. Grove, Green Imperialism: Colonial Expansion, Tropical Island Edens and the Origins of Environmentalism, 1600-1860, in Journal of World History 7, No. 2 (Fall 1996): 315-317.


      Deepak Kumar, Science and the Raj, 1857-1905, in Environmental History Review 19, No. 4 (Winter 1995): 70-72.


      Theodore Roszak, Mary E. Gomez, and Allen D. Kanner, eds., Ecopsychology: Restoring the Earth, Healing the Mind, in Clio's Psyche 2, No. 3 (December 1995): 67-69.


      Ajay S. Rawat, Man and Forests: The Khatta and Gujjar Settlements of Sub-Himalayan Tarai, in Forest and Conservation History 39, No. 2 (April 1995): 95.


      Hal K. Rothman, On Rims and Ridges: The Los Alamos Area Since 1880, in New Mexico Historical Review 69, No. 3 (July 1994): 303-304


      John R. McNeill, The Mountains of the Mediterranean World: An Environmental History, in American Historical Review 99, No. 3 (June 1994): 864-865.


      Dora P. Crouch, Water Management in Ancient Greek Cities, in American Historical Review 99, No. 3 (June 1994): 874-875.


      Thomas W. Gallant, Risk and Survival in Ancient Greece: Reconstructing the Rural Domestic Economy, in The Historian 54, No. 4 (Summer 1992): 709-710.


      Robert Sallares, The Ecology of the Ancient Greek World, in Journal of Interdisciplinary History 23, No. 1 (Summer 1992): 133-134.



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