What is just sustainability?
Julian Agyeman’s book Just Sustainabilities provides the theoretical background for a new way of conceptualizing sustainability. Most sustainability theory and practice over the last 30 years has focused on the environment (WCED 1987). By foregrounding the environmental aspects of sustainability and various “green” solutions, these early writings often framed the sustainability debate as separate from social and cultural realms. According to Agyeman, genuine sustainability can only be achieved if we include social needs and economic opportunity questions in the debate. Accordingly, a more equity-focused definition of sustainability is needed. This "just sustainability" perspective balances:
- living within our ecosystem limits
- human well-being
- intra-generational and inter-generational equity
- justice in terms of recognition, process, procedure, and outcome