Recommended Reading and Syllabus
- For a longer, larger format with detailed descriptions of the artists, containing many large colored reproductions, select:
Expressionism. A Revolution in German Art, Dietmar Elger, (TASCHEN 25th Anniversary Series, 2007). ISBN: 3822831948
- For a shorter, condensed text, which contains only basic information, select:
Expressionism, Norbert Wolf, (TASCHEN, 2019). ISBN: 978-3-8365-0528-4
Session #1 – Precursors and influences on early Expressionism, Jugendstil; historical setting of the movement; founding of Die Brücke; its manifesto and goals; Herwarth Walden and the Sturm magazine and gallery in Berlin and his wife, Elsa Lasker-Schüler.
The Sturm is Herwarth Walden, by Teresa Köster, Schirn Magazine, November 11, 2015.
Your Body is a Battleground, by Teresa Köster, Schirn Magazine, October 28, 2015
Session #2 –The original founding fathers of Brücke: Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Erich Heckel, Karl Schmidt-Rotluff, Fritz Bleyl.
Brücke. New York by Robin Reisenfeld, in The Burlington Magazine, Vol. 151, No 1274, French Art in the Nineteenth Century (May, 2009), pp. 342-344. (This article will be provided by your instructor.)
Session #3 – Later artists of Brücke: Max Pechstein and Otto Mueller, Emil Nolde; the outsider Marc Chagall; the end of Brücke.
Session #4 – The Northern German Expressionists: Paula Modersohn-Becker, Christian Rohlfs; Rhenish Expressionism: August Macke, Heinrich Campendonk, Wilhelm Morgener.
Readings: https://www.moma.org/artists/4037(on Paula Modersohn-Becker)